Srimad-Bhagavatam 03.24 – The Renunciation of Kardama Muni

Updated : Aug 31, 2019 in Articles

Srimad-Bhagavatam 03.24 – The Renunciation of Kardama Muni


Recalling the words of Lord Visnu, the merciful
sage Kardama replied as follows to Svayambhuva Manu’s praiseworthy daughter, Devahuti,
who was speaking words full of renunciation. The sage said: Do not be disappointed with
yourself, O princess. You are actually praiseworthy. The infallible Supreme Personality of Godhead
will shortly enter your womb as your son. You have undertaken sacred vows. God will
bless you. Hence you should worship the Lord with great faith, through sensory control,
religious observances, austerities and gifts of your money in charity.
The Personality of Godhead, being worshiped by you, will spread my name and fame. He will
vanquish the knot of your heart by becoming your son and teaching knowledge of Brahman.
Sri Maitreya said: Devahuti was fully faithful and respectful toward the direction of her
husband, Kardama, who was one of the Prajapatis, or generators of human beings in the universe.
O great sage, she thus began to worship the master of the universe, the Supreme Personality
of Godhead, who is situated in everyone’s heart.
After many, many years, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Madhusudana, the killer of the
demon Madhu, having entered the semen of Kardama, appeared in Devahuti just as fire comes from
wood in a sacrifice. At the time of His descent on earth, demigods
in the form of raining clouds sounded musical instruments in the sky. The celestial musicians,
the Gandharvas, sang the glories of the Lord, while celestial dancing girls known as Apsaras
danced in joyful ecstasy. At the time of the Lord’s appearance, the
demigods flying freely in the sky showered flowers. All the directions, all the waters
and everyone’s mind became very satisfied. Brahma, the first-born living being, went
along with Marici and other sages to the place of Kardama’s hermitage, which was surrounded
by the River Sarasvati. Maitreya continued: O killer of the enemy,
the unborn Lord Brahma, who is almost independent in acquiring knowledge, could understand that
a portion of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, in His quality of pure existence, had appeared
in the womb of Devahuti just to explain the complete state of knowledge known as sankhya-yoga.
After worshiping the Supreme Lord with gladdened senses and a pure heart for His intended activities
as an incarnation, Brahma spoke as follows to Kardama and Devahuti.
Lord Brahma said: My dear son Kardama, since you have completely accepted my instructions
without duplicity, showing them proper respect, you have worshiped me properly. Whatever instructions
you took from me you have carried out, and thereby you have honored me.
Sons ought to render service to their father exactly to this extent. One should obey the
command of his father or spiritual master with due deference, saying, “Yes, sir.”
Lord Brahma then praised Kardama Muni’s nine daughters, saying: All your thin-waisted
daughters are certainly very chaste. I am sure they will increase this creation by their
own descendants in various ways. Therefore, today please give away your daughters
to the foremost of the sages, with due regard for the girls’ temperaments and likings,
and thereby spread your fame all over the universe.
O Kardama, I know that the original Supreme Personality of Godhead has now appeared as
an incarnation by His internal energy. He is the bestower of all desired by the living
entities, and He has now assumed the body of Kapila Muni.
By mystic yoga and the practical application of knowledge from the scriptures, Kapila Muni,
who is characterized by His golden hair, His eyes just like lotus petals and His lotus
feet, which bear the marks of lotus flowers, will uproot the deep-rooted desire for work
in this material world. Lord Brahma then told Devahuti: My dear daughter
of Manu, the same Supreme Personality of Godhead who killed the demon Kaitabha is now within
your womb. He will cut off all the knots of your ignorance and doubt. Then He will travel
all over the world. Your son will be the head of all the perfected
souls. He will be approved by the acaryas expert in disseminating real knowledge, and
among the people He will be celebrated by the name Kapila. As the son of Devahuti, He
will increase your fame. Sri Maitreya said: After thus speaking to
Kardama Muni and his wife Devahuti, Lord Brahma, the creator of the universe, who is also known
as Hamsa, went back to the highest of the three planetary systems on his swan carrier
with the four Kumaras and Narada. O Vidura, after the departure of Brahma, Kardama
Muni, having been ordered by Brahma, handed over his nine daughters, as instructed, to
the nine great sages who created the population of the world.
Kardama Muni handed over his daughter Kala to Marici, and another daughter, Anasuya,
to Atri. He delivered Sraddha to Angira, and Havirbhu to Pulastya. He delivered Gati to
Pulaha, the chaste Kriya to Kratu, Khyati to Bhrgu, and Arundhati to Vasistha.
He delivered Santi to Atharva. Because of Santi, sacrificial ceremonies are well performed.
Thus he got the foremost brahmanas married, and he maintained them along with their wives.
Thus married, the sages took leave of Kardama and departed full of joy, each for his own
hermitage, O Vidura. When Kardama Muni understood that the Supreme
Personality of Godhead, the chief of all the demigods, Visnu, had descended, Kardama approached
Him in a secluded place, offered obeisances and spoke as follows.
Kardama Muni said: Oh, after a long time the demigods of this universe have become pleased
with the suffering souls who are in material entanglement because of their own misdeeds.
After many births, mature yogis, by complete trance in yoga, endeavor in secluded places
to see the lotus feet of the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
Not considering the negligence of ordinary householders like us, that very same Supreme
Personality of Godhead appears in our homes just to support His devotees.
Kardama Muni said: You, my dear Lord, who are always increasing the honor of Your devotees,
have descended in my home just to fulfill Your word and disseminate the process of real
knowledge. My dear Lord, although You have no material
form, You have Your own innumerable forms. They truly are Your transcendental forms,
which are pleasing to Your devotees. My dear Lord, Your lotus feet are the reservoir
that always deserves to receive worshipful homage from all great sages eager to understand
the Absolute Truth. You are full in opulence, renunciation, transcendental fame, knowledge,
strength and beauty, and therefore I surrender myself unto Your lotus feet.
I surrender unto the Supreme Personality of Godhead, descended in the form of Kapila,
who is independently powerful and transcendental, who is the Supreme Person and the Lord of
the sum total of matter and the element of time, who is the fully cognizant maintainer
of all the universes under the three modes of material nature, and who absorbs the material
manifestations after their dissolution. Today I have something to ask from You, who
are the Lord of all living entities. Since I have now been liberated by You from my debts
to my father, and since all my desires are fulfilled, I wish to accept the order of an
itinerant mendicant. Renouncing this family life, I wish to wander about, free from lamentation,
thinking always of You in my heart. The Personality of Godhead Kapila said: Whatever
I speak, whether directly or in the scriptures, is authoritative in all respects for the people
of the world. O Muni, because I told you before that I would become your son, I have descended
to fulfill this truth. My appearance in this world is especially
to explain the philosophy of Sankhya, which is highly esteemed for self-realization by
those desiring freedom from the entanglement of unnecessary material desires.
This path of self-realization, which is difficult to understand, has now been lost in the course
of time. Please know that I have assumed this body of Kapila to introduce and explain this
philosophy to human society again. Now, being sanctioned by Me, go as you desire,
surrendering all your activities to Me. Conquering insurmountable death, worship Me for eternal
life. In your own heart, through your intellect,
you will always see Me, the supreme self-effulgent soul dwelling within the hearts of all living
entities. Thus you will achieve the state of eternal life, free from all lamentation
and fear. I shall also describe this sublime knowledge,
which is the door to spiritual life, to My mother, so that she also can attain perfection
and self-realization, ending all reactions to fruitive activities. Thus she also will
be freed from all material fear. Sri Maitreya said: Thus when Kardama Muni,
the progenitor of human society, was spoken to in fullness by his son, Kapila, he circumambulated
Him, and with a good, pacified mind he at once left for the forest.
The sage Kardama accepted silence as a vow in order to think of the Supreme Personality
of Godhead and take shelter of Him exclusively. Without association, he traveled over the
surface of the globe as a sannyasi, devoid of any relationship with fire or shelter.
He fixed his mind upon the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Parabrahman, who is beyond cause
and effect, who manifests the three modes of material nature, who is beyond those three
modes, and who is perceived only through unfailing devotional service.
Thus he gradually became unaffected by the false ego of material identity and became
free from material affection. Undisturbed, equal to everyone and without duality, he
could indeed see himself also. His mind was turned inward and was perfectly calm, like
an ocean unagitated by waves. He thus became liberated from conditioned
life and became self-situated in transcendental devotional service to the Personality of Godhead,
Vasudeva, the omniscient Supersoul within everyone.
He began to see that the Supreme Personality of Godhead is seated in everyone’s heart,
and that everyone is existing on Him, because He is the Supersoul of everyone.
Freed from all hatred and desire, Kardama Muni, being equal to everyone because of discharging
uncontaminated devotional service, ultimately attained the path back to Godhead.

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